STATE ADVISES ON NEED FOR PLANS TO SAVE LIVESTOCK

NAMIBIA: GRAZING/NBC/23/2/18 SABANews 1

Drought is the major enemy of livestock producers

WINDHOEK – The government of NAMIBIA has advised farmers to come up with plans to save their livestock in the face of insufficient pastures in the country.

NBC News says the Deputy Chief Veterinary Officer in the Agriculture, Water, and Forestry Ministry has made the call.

It quotes JOHN SHOOPOLA as saying farmers have to plan properly to prevent or reduce the effects of poor rainfall, and ensure their livestock survive the drought.

He says areas south of the Veterinary Cordon Fence, also referred to as the Red Line, have bad pastures due to poor rains recorded; but the northern parts of the country got better rains.

The Veterinary Cordon Fence is a pest-exclusion boundary separating Northern NAMIBIA from the central and southern regions.

Mr SHOOPOLA says even if the affected areas were to receive good rains for the remainder of this season it will be too late for the grass to grow.

He says the situation will put livestock under stress if the farmers do not effectively manage their pastures, or even sell off less productive and old livestock.

Mr SHOOPOLA has further advised producers to ensure their livestock have enough water, feeds, and minerals like vitamin supplements to help them overcome the dry spell.

The NAMIBIAN veterinary expert says farmers should also vaccinate their livestock against all diseases while they are still strong, and feed them continuously to withstand the hardships.

Southern AFRICA has continued to receive heavy rains in MOZAMBIQUE, ZIMBABWE, and parts of ZAMBIA, which have had SEVEN-day-totals of more than 50 millimetres.

SOUTH AFRICA, BOTSWANA, and ANGOLA have had lighter, but still widespread rainfall, which was nearly absent across TANZANIA, the drought-affected areas of MADAGASCAR and across abnormally dry parts of NAMIBIA./Sabanews/cam

SIXTEEN SHIPS VANISH FROM OCEAN, GOVERNMENT BREATHES FIRE

TANZANIA: MARINE/DAILY NEWS/16/2/18 SABANews 1

Port of Dar es Salaam

DAR ES SALAAM – At least 16 foreign ships have vanished from the INDIAN Ocean waters in TANZANIA, and the State has ordered all security organs to launch a search.

The DAILY NEWS quotes Livestock and Fisheries Minister LUHAGA MPINA as saying the incident comes amid increased scandalous acts involving government officials and foreigners at sea.

The paper says he has revealed the information after inspecting a fishing vessel owned by the XISHIJI 37 Company of CHINA, which recently docked at the DAR ES SALAAM Port.

In this case, Minister MPINA says the authorities had given Deep Sea Fishing Licences to 24 vessels but only EIGHT have undergone inspection.

The rest of them simply vanished, and the government has discovered some of its officials are involved in the disappearance of the ships, as well as in the other criminal activities.

Minister MPINA says the law-enforcement agencies are chasing up the vessels and are certain to catch the suspects, because they have all their registration particulars; and his Ministry will take tough measures against the employees involved.

In another case, he has directed officials to move to DAR ES SALAAM Port a fishing vessel seized from the BUAH NAGA ONE Company of MALAYSIA.

A Special Task Force patrolling the LINDI and MTWARA coastlines arrested the ship on 25 JANUARY after they found it with fins and gills of 30 sharks, as well as FOUR tonnes of protected rare species of the sea.

Minister MPINA says the vessel violated the laws of the SADC country and the State ordered it to pay a fine of 350-THOUSAND US dollars, within SEVEN days after the seizure, which is still outstanding.

He has told his Permanent Secretary YOHANA BUDEBA to seek a court order to confiscate the ship, the 42 tonnes of fish, and the FOUR tonnes of rare species on board for auctioning.

The government has also launched a search for yet another vessel owned by TAI HONG NO-1 Company, which was escaped arrest after officials found 44 shark fins aboard.

It is not clear however, how the Captain managed to pull away and vanish into the ocean before the security could arrest his ship: which they also later found with links to more offences such as environmental pollution.

The Minister says the current government of TANZANIA took office and amended the Deep Sea Fishing regulations of 2009, adding more sections to curb illegal fishing, so that the nation could benefit fully from its resources./Sabanews/cam

USAID JOINS GOVERNMENT IN FIGHT AGAINST ARMYWORMS

MALAWI: AGRICULTURE/MBC/14/2/18 SABANews 1
Fall armyworm-infested maize cob
 BLANTYRE – The UNITED STATES Aid for International Development, USAID, is helping the people of MALAWI to fight the destructive fall armyworm.
 
MBC News says the USAID assistance has so far included media campaigns to educate farmers on pest identification and control as well as training sessions for farmers.
 
The group has also produced technical messages for use by extension workers and has distributed ONE-THOUSAND-400 pheromone traps as part of a national early warning system.
 
The national broadcaster says USAID has further funded a scheme to test 11 pesticides for efficacy in controlling fall armyworms.
 
It has facilitated a visit by SOUTH AFRICAN experts to assess the situation and provide training on pest identification, estimation of infestation rates, and control measures to public and private sector extension workers.
 
The move comes after a global experts gathering to produce an Integrated Pest Management Guide to help scientists, extension agents, and farmers tackle the voracious fall armyworm across the AFRICAN Continent.
 
MBC News says FALL ARMYWORM IN AFRICA: A GUIDE FOR INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT, is jointly run by the USAID Feed the Future Initiative, the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, and the CGIAR Research Program on Maize.
 
It says the guide contains tips on pest identification, available technologies, and best practices for managing fall armyworm; which was FIRST confirmed in AFRICA in 2016.
 
The guide is based on scientific evidence and has expert advice for plant protection groups, extension agencies, as well as research institutions.
 
It is also helpful to governments working with smallholder farmers to better understand fall armyworm and the major challenge it will pose to AFRICA for years to come.
 
The fall armyworm, which is native to the AMERICAS, can feed on 80 different crop species including maize, a staple food produced by more than 300-MILLION AFRICAN smallholder farm families.
 
MBC News also says since the 2016 discovery of the fall armyworm, the crop pest has since appeared in more than 30 AFRICAN countries, posing a significant threat to food security, income, and livelihoods.
 
The Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International says without proper control, the fall armyworm can cause extensive maize losses of up to SIX-BILLION-600-MILLION US dollars per year across the 12 major AFRICAN maize producing countries./Sabanews/cam

ANC SENDS CONDOLENCES AFTER DEATH OF OPPOSITION LEADER

ZIMBABWE: TSVANGIRAI/SABANEWS/14/2/18 SABANews 1
 
JOHANNESBURG – The ruling ANC Party of SOUTH AFRICA has mourned the death of the leader of the opposition MOVEMENT FOR DEMOCRATIC CHANGE, MDC-T of ZIMBABWE.
MDC-T Leader Morgan Tsvangirai
MORGAN RICHARD TSVANGIRAI, who has been suffering from colon cancer, died at age 65 in a clinic in the SOUTH AFRICAN commercial capital, JOHANNESBURG.
 
ANC Deputy Secretary General JESSIE DUARTE made the statement this (WEDNESDAY) evening after delivering her Party response to the immediate resignation of President JACOB ZUMA from office.
 
Media reports say ONE of the MDC-T Party Vice Presidents, ELIAS MUDZURI, has announced the death of Mr TSVANGIRAI through his Twitter handle.
 
Mr MUDZURI has described the late former trade union leader, and former Prime Minister in a coalition with former President ROBERT MUGABE, as an icon and fighter for democracy.
 
In neighbouring SOUTH AFRICA, President ZUMA has avoided a vote-of-no-confidence by the ANC lawmakers and the opposition.
Former President Jacob Zuma
The move comes after the ruling party’s National Executive Committee recalled him from the office of State President for unspecified reasons, an action the former Head of State has described as unusual.
 
However, he says he respects the revolutionary party that he has served since he was a teenager and has had to follow the Committee ruling; according to the Constitution of the country.
 
President ZUMA had earlier told SABC News in a live interview members of the NEC failed to give him any reason why they wanted him out, and he suspected foul play in the whole procedure.
 
He also says it is only TWO months after the National Conference and there is no other purpose of rushing his exit, except that the scheme has long been on the minds of people behind the push.
 
The former guerrilla fighter, who did not receive formal education during childhood, was born on 12 APRIL 1942 in the NKANDLA area of the KWAZULU-NATAL Province.
 
His father, a policeman, died when President ZUMA was only FIVE years old, and he was left in the sole care of his mother who was a domestic worker.
 
The SOUTH AFRICAN Leader was 17 years old when he became member of the ANC in 1959, joining the military wing of the group, UMKHONTO WE SIZWE, within the following THREE years, at age 20./Sabanews/cam

DISTRICT BEMOANS INCREASED DEATHS OF EXPECTING MOTHERS

MALAWI: MOTHERHOOD/NYASA TIMES/9/2/18 SABANews 1
No end to unsafe motherhood
CHITIPA – At least NINE women have died due to pregnancy-related complications while 65 others have delivered babies at home within SIX months in Northern MALAWI.
 
CHITIPA District Hospital Matron GRACE CHAMDIMBA has revealed the shocking news during a community awareness campaign by the WHITE RIBBON ALLIANCE this week in Traditional Authority MWENEMISUKU.
 
The NYASA TIMES newspaper quotes her as saying the NINE dead women include SIX MALAWIANS, TWO ZAMBIANS and ONE TANZANIAN.
 
Matron CHAMDIMBA says the authorities are worried that some women are still delivering at home and dying, despite vigorous campaigns on the need for them to give birth in health facilities.
 
She says all stakeholders should be more serious and work as a team to make communities aware of how vital it is for pregnant women to deliver at hospitals.
 
The TIMES says referral cases in CHITIPA are a nightmare, as the only ambulance available at the hospital caters for 12 health facilities located far apart from each other.
 
However, it says the WHITE RIBBON ALLIANCE has strengthened capacity building of local structures to reduce the number of women delivering at home in the district, which borders TANZANIA and ZAMBIA.
 
WHITE RIBBON ALLIANCE National Coordinator NANCY KAMWENDO says there is an improvement of attitude among workers in some health facilities.
 
Nevertheless, she says some of them are still using abusive language and are failing to attend to patients on time.
 
The international NGO official says WHITE RIBBON ALLIANCE continues to sensitise communities in MALAWI about their rights in matters of health./Sabanews/cam

MINISTRY TAKES MEASURES TO PROTECT KIDS ON THE WEB

The Internet is increasingly becoming dangerous to kids

NAMIBIA: INTERNET/NBC/9/2/18 SABANews 1

WINDHOEK – The Ministry of Education Arts and Culture in NAMIBIA says it has put measures in place to protect children on the internet.

Deputy Permanent Secretary CHARLES KABAJANI says they have introduced a trainer manual in schools to help teachers carry out the task.

The booklet guides teachers to equip learners with skills needed to deal with cyber bullying, indecent exposure and other cybercrimes they may face when using the web.

Mr KABAJANI says the Ministry is finalizing the National Safe School Framework, which prescribes standards and guidelines to ensure safety of internet users in learning institutions.

NBC News quotes UNICEF Country Representative RACHEL ODEDE as saying NAMIBIA now has laws and policies to ensure prosecution of anyone who targets a child for harm.

Ms ODEDE says once the Electronic Cyber Bill becomes law, it will put in place an even stronger legal framework to address on-line exploitation and abuse of children.

The UNITED NATIONS official has called on parents and caregivers in NAMIBIA to pay close attention to their children’s on-line activities.

Researchers say new technologies such as the internet are very valuable, but they can put children at risk of exploitation and harm.

They say the world-wide-web can give people who want to abuse or manipulate kids a medium to network, share information and fantasies, and explore new identities.

To make matters even worse, the use of the internet has both national and global implications that make the monitoring and policing of exploitative practices all the more difficult.

Authors TINK PALMER and LISA STACEY say new technologies make children far more accessible to people wishing to abuse them, while sexual abuse through the net can take many forms.

Internet child sexual abuse includes distribution of abusive images of children, grooming victims for later abuse through teen chat rooms, bulletin boards and online communities where abusers befriend kids to gain trust.

The writers say grooming aims to pacify a young person to sexual activities, which may become increasingly abusive, and to feed the groomer’s fantasies of introducing a young person to such material./Sabanews/cam

LAND GRABBING ON THE RISE AS DEMAND INTENSIFIES

NAMIBIA: LAND/NBC/31/1/18 SABANews 1

Resettlement remains a dream for her

WINDHOEK – NAMIBIA is finally in the middle of a dilemma it could have avoided if it had respected its liberation war objectives, and taken a different path from the one it took after decolonisation.

Like its TWO neighbours, SOUTH AFRICA in the south and ZIMBABWE in the north east, it has nursed the hot issue of land reallocation; the major cause for the armed struggle.

NBC News says incidents of land grabbing increased significantly last year, rising by as much as 75 percent countrywide.

It quotes WINDHOEK City Chief Executive Officer ROBERT KAHIMISE as saying the problem has surpassed crime rates and frequencies of most offences.

He says felonies such as murder, gender-based violence, housebreaking, armed robbery, theft, and rape have all gone down since 2016 through last year.

Urban residents want accommodation space

However, Mr KAHIMISE says illegal trading almost tripled from 32 incidents in 2016 to 93 cases last year in the capital, where poor communities are also calling for accommodation space.

In a separate development, a group of community members of the OMITARA Settlement in the OKORUKAMBE Constituency of the eastern OMAHEKE Region are pleading for land.

The national broadcaster says they include 56-year-old MONICA EISES, who has been homeless since the death of her husband a short time ago.

Ms EISES says she and her late husband had settled at BOOMLAGER Farm, on a piece of resettlement land allocated to his brother some 35 kilometres outside OMITARA.

She says her brother-in-law gave her THREE months to vacate after the death of her spouse, and she moved last MONDAY.

The middle-aged woman drove her 18 cattle, SEVEN horses, EIGHT goats, EIGHT sheep and THREE donkeys to OMITARA; but there is no place to graze them here.

Ms EISES says she is appealing to the government to find her a resettlement farm on which she can raise her TWO school-going children.

NBC News says she and other OMITARA residents evicted from farms called an urgent media conference this TUESDAY, pleading with the State for land on which they can resettle as a group.

Undoubtedly the originals of Southern Africa, the Bushmen continue roaming the plains

Land redistribution has remained a thorny issue in NAMIBIA because of a willing-seller-willing-buyer policy the authorities have continued to honour since independence, but some citizens are becoming impatient./Sabanews/cam

RITUALISTS EXHUME AND STEAL BODY OF AN ALBINO

ZAMBIA: ALBINISM/TIMES OF ZAMBIA/31/1/18 SABANews 1

How long will albinism remain a death sentence in Africa?

KALABO – Police in the WESTERN Province of ZAMBIA have arrested ONE suspect in connection with the theft of the remains of an albino buried in 2016 in the KALABO District.

The authorities say they are hunting for TWO other suspected ritual killers who escaped when the law-enforcement agents picked up the FIRST accused.

Relatives of the deceased woke up on SUNDAY to find the grave tampered with, and they reported the matter to the police; who discovered the coffin and the body were missing.

WESTERN Province Police Commissioner CHARLES LUNGU says the deceased was buried on the FOURTH of AUGUST TWO years ago.

He says in an interesting turn of events, they arrested a man after he and TWO others abducted a 13-year-old and his 15-year-old friend for suspected ritual purposes.

Commissioner LUNGU says the police impounded a TOYOTA SPACIO, Registration Number ALX 6413, which the THREE men used to abduct the boys and held them hostage for TWO days at a lodge.

He says following the abduction, the suspects bundled the TWO boys into the boot of the vehicle in order to take them to an unknown destination where they intended to kill them.

However, Commissioner LUNGU says after driving for some time, the THREE men parked the vehicle and the boys managed to open the boot and ran for their lives.

He says the police launched investigations and managed to apprehend the ONE suspect but failed to catch the main suspect believed to be the mastermind, KASWEKA KABINDA, who is still on the run.

The ZAMBIAN Police official says investigations have so far tied the event of the stolen albino remains to the failed murder of the abducted TWO boys.

Media reports say late last year people born with albinism staged a demonstration calling for an end to the madness of killing albinos for their body parts on the belief that they bring wealth or luck.

Albino killings are rarer in ZAMBIA, which has more than 25-THOUSAND such people, compared with other countries like neighbouring TANZANIA: where witch doctors pay up to 75-THOUSAND US dollars for a complete set of albino body parts./Sabanews/cam

CONTINENT HEADING TOWARDS CHEAPER AIR TRAVEL

AFRICA: TRANSPORT/SABC/31/1/18 SABANews 1

Towards cheaper air travel on the Continent

ADDIS ABABA – At least 23 AFRICAN countries have signed an agreement to set up the Single AFRICAN Air Transport Market, SAATM, with the aim to reduce air travel costs.

SOUTH AFRICAN SABC News says the move comes after people of the Continent have, for years, paid sky-high airfares when travelling within AFRICA.

It says the AFRICAN UNION has launched the major aviation trade agreement to change the situation, by allowing the airlines of signatory countries to access each other’s airports freely.

AU Chairperson, President PAUL KAGAME of RWANDA, has revealed the move at the launch of SAATM on the sidelines of the recent AU Summit in ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA.

He says the market is vital for the overall development of the continent, where international air links between many cities are expensive or non-existent.

SABC News also quotes a 2010 World Bank study as saying air travel between AFRICAN countries has for years, been governed by a relatively small number of bilateral agreements.

The report says the situation has been a legacy of the post-colonial era when air carriers from newly independent states connected chiefly with their former colonial powers.

It says many AFRICAN countries restrict their air services markets to protect the shares of national carriers, but the new deal hopes to reduce airfares and increase the number of direct air connections.

The SOUTH AFRICAN Representative to the International Civil Aviation Organisation has told the media companies can now freely access all countries in the single market, without relying anymore on bilateral agreements, whether they exist or not.

Current members of the SAATM are BENIN, BOTSWANA, BURKINA FASO, CAPE VERDE, REPUBLIC OF CONGO, IVORY COAST, EGYPT, ETHIOPIA, and GABON.

Others are GHANA, GUINEA, KENYA, LIBERIA, MALI, MOZAMBIQUE, NIGER, NIGERIA, RWANDA, SIERRA LEONE, SOUTH AFRICA, SWAZILAND, TOGO, and ZIMBABWE.

Nevertheless, SABC News says the group is hosting some of the continent’s busiest airports, including JOHANNESBURG, CAPE TOWN, CAIRO, LAGOS, and NAIROBI.

The new single air travel market comes as a priority of the AU Agenda 2063 for a peaceful and prosperous AFRICA, and the AU Chairperson says work is ongoing to apply TWO other planks of the Blueprint: a free trade zone and a single AFRICAN passport./Sabanews/cam