PARLIAMENTARY CIVIL CODE COMMITTEE HOLDS CRUCIAL MEETING

SEYCHELLES: RIGHTS/SNA/18/7/18 SABANews 1

The revision exercise began in 2013 and proceeded with a series of committee meetings (Pic. SNA)

VICTORIA – The SEYCHELLES National Assembly Civil Code Committee has launched discussions on a number of issues, including the sharing of property between unmarried couples.

The discussions also covered the ability to dispose freely of property on death; as well as other matters raised during the FIRST day of discussions for the revision of the national Civil Code.

The national news agency, SNA says the dialogue started this TUESDAY to scrutinise the SEYCHELLES Civil Code Bill of 2017, which will once approved, replace the Civil Code of SEYCHELLES Act 1975.

It quotes National Assembly Bills Committee Chairperson BERNARD GEORGE as saying the country has since 1976 been using the amended ENGLISH Civil Code.

He says things changed a few years ago when the Supreme Court proposed modernisation of certain areas of the Code due to ongoing changes in the country.

SNA also says the Civil Code provides the basic rules of law of SEYCHELLES for relationships between people.

It further says an international consultant who drafted the Bill has explained the purpose of the revision and the work that has been done for the past FIVE years.

TONY ANGELO, from the Faculty of Law of VICTORIA, University of WELLINGTON in NEW ZEALAND, says the Civil Code has articles that oppose some rights guaranteed under the Constitution.

He says there are provisions in the current Code that if challenged in Court will undoubtedly be found to be void on grounds of breach of fundamental rights.

National Assembly Bills Committee Chairperson BERNARD GEORGE says the Civil Code dates back to 1806 and was inherited while the archipelago was still a FRENCH colony.

He says the authorities then set up the Committee and used the theory of law established over the years to come up with new articles for the Code, a document of more than ONE-THOUSAND pages.

Pertinent and sensitive issues debated involve equalising the rights of children, sharing of property in an arrangement where a married couple and a lover of ONE of them live together while sharing sexual relations – en ménage relationship.

The revised Code also aims to cover the rights of co-owners and the ability to dispose freely of property on death, as well as provide for the civil rights of SEYCHELLOIS in modern form and appropriately reflect and protect current social institutions.

SNA says the revision exercise began in 2013 and proceeded with a series of committee meetings, all of which were open to public consultations.

Also attending the discussions are MAURITIAN legal representatives, SABIR KADEL, a senior law reform officer, and ROSARIO DOMINGUE, the Chief Executive of the MAURITIUS Law Reform Commission.

Like SEYCHELLES, the neighbouring MAURITIUS has also revised its Civil Code, which was similarly inherited from the FRENCH./Sabanews/cam

NATION NAMED FASTEST GROWING WEALTH MARKET IN AFRICA

MAURITIUS: DEVELOPMENT/SABANEWS/12/7/18 SABANews 1

Mauritius, fastest growing African wealth market (Pic. Agencies)

PORT LOUIS – A renowned intelligence company says the number of millionaires on the offshore island of MAURITIUS has grown by 20 percent in the last year, making it the fastest growing wealth market in AFRICA.

The NEW WORLD WEALTH has published a study detailing the performance of high-net-worth-individuals in selected AFRICAN countries between 2006 and 2016.

The INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT online magazine says the report places MAURITIUS at the top in the continent, with a growth of 230 percent.

It says the high-net-worth-individuals, or HNWIs, refer to persons with wealth of ONE-MILLION US dollars or more.

The study also says the strong growth in millionaires in MAURITIUS has been driven by the relocation of large number of wealthy individuals over the past decade, especially from FRANCE and Southern AFRICA.

It says ownership rights are strong in MAURITIUS, which encourages locals and foreigners to invest in property and businesses in the INDIAN Ocean country of ONE-MILLION-268-THOUSAND-315 people.

Le Caudan Waterfront, a commercial development in Port Louis (Pic. Agencies)

About 280 millionaires have moved there from SOUTH AFRICA alone since 2006, since individuals living in MAURITIUS are free to invest overseas with no exchange controls; which encourages wealthy people to use the country as a business and investment hub.

AFRASIA, the MAURITIUS based bank that ordered the study, says the situation has created a growing financial services sector, particularly in offshore banking, fund management, and private banking.

The offshore tax jurisdiction also offers automatic permanent residency to individuals who buy a 500-THOUSAND US-dollar home in the country and low taxes that appeal to wealthy individuals and retired persons.

The intelligence company says the trend is likely to continue over the next decade, with analysts expecting to see an increase of millionaires by 130 percent in MAURITIUS, followed by ETHIOPIA and RWANDA at 100 percent./Sabanews/cam

ZAMBIA PROPOSES COOPERATION IN ENERGY EFFICIENCY

SADC: ENERGY/ZNBC/1/3/18 SABANews 1

Africa shaking off the Dark-Continent label

LIVINGSTONE – ZAMBIA has called on the SADC countries to ensure cooperation between TWO major forums in the region if the economic bloc is achieve success in its energy programs.

ZAMBIAN Energy Minister MATTHEW NKHUWA says the Southern AFRICAN Power Pool, SAPP, and the SADC Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency should work together.

ZNBC News says he has made the call in a speech read on his behalf by SOUTHERN PROVINCE Minister EDIFY HAMUKALE, at the 50TH SAPP Management Committee Meeting in LIVINGSTONE Town.

It quotes Minister NKHUWA as saying energy efficiency and renewable energy are areas that SADC values.

However, he says the region depends heavily on hydro generated power that leaves it exposed to inconsistent supply of electricity due to Climate Change effects.

The Managing Director of the ZAMBIA Electricity Supply Company says his country now has a national Grid Code, which enables it to offer choice of supply for customers and ensure competition among producers.

VICTOR MUNDENDE says most domestic private enterprises continue to take part in the electricity supply industry through power purchase agreements or power supply agreements with his institution.

COPPERBELT Energy Corporation Managing Director OWEN SILAVWE has also attended the 50TH SAPP Management Committee Meeting, and has pledged his firm’s commitment to help increase electricity generation capacity in the country.

The SADC Summit held in AUGUST 1995 in SOUTH AFRICA created SAPP, after member governments, excluding MAURITIUS, signed a deal to form the Power Pool.

Energy ministers also approved the formation of the SADC Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency and decided it would be hosted by NAMIBIA./Sabanews/cam

CONTINENT HEADING TOWARDS CHEAPER AIR TRAVEL

AFRICA: TRANSPORT/SABC/31/1/18 SABANews 1

Towards cheaper air travel on the Continent

ADDIS ABABA – At least 23 AFRICAN countries have signed an agreement to set up the Single AFRICAN Air Transport Market, SAATM, with the aim to reduce air travel costs.

SOUTH AFRICAN SABC News says the move comes after people of the Continent have, for years, paid sky-high airfares when travelling within AFRICA.

It says the AFRICAN UNION has launched the major aviation trade agreement to change the situation, by allowing the airlines of signatory countries to access each other’s airports freely.

AU Chairperson, President PAUL KAGAME of RWANDA, has revealed the move at the launch of SAATM on the sidelines of the recent AU Summit in ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA.

He says the market is vital for the overall development of the continent, where international air links between many cities are expensive or non-existent.

SABC News also quotes a 2010 World Bank study as saying air travel between AFRICAN countries has for years, been governed by a relatively small number of bilateral agreements.

The report says the situation has been a legacy of the post-colonial era when air carriers from newly independent states connected chiefly with their former colonial powers.

It says many AFRICAN countries restrict their air services markets to protect the shares of national carriers, but the new deal hopes to reduce airfares and increase the number of direct air connections.

The SOUTH AFRICAN Representative to the International Civil Aviation Organisation has told the media companies can now freely access all countries in the single market, without relying anymore on bilateral agreements, whether they exist or not.

Current members of the SAATM are BENIN, BOTSWANA, BURKINA FASO, CAPE VERDE, REPUBLIC OF CONGO, IVORY COAST, EGYPT, ETHIOPIA, and GABON.

Others are GHANA, GUINEA, KENYA, LIBERIA, MALI, MOZAMBIQUE, NIGER, NIGERIA, RWANDA, SIERRA LEONE, SOUTH AFRICA, SWAZILAND, TOGO, and ZIMBABWE.

Nevertheless, SABC News says the group is hosting some of the continent’s busiest airports, including JOHANNESBURG, CAPE TOWN, CAIRO, LAGOS, and NAIROBI.

The new single air travel market comes as a priority of the AU Agenda 2063 for a peaceful and prosperous AFRICA, and the AU Chairperson says work is ongoing to apply TWO other planks of the Blueprint: a free trade zone and a single AFRICAN passport./Sabanews/cam

GOVERNMENTS ENCOURAGED TO IMPROVE DATA SHARING ON WEATHER

SADC: DISASTERS/SABANEWS/24/1/18 SABANews 1
When disaster strikes, women and children suffer most
HARARE – Governments in the SADC Region have been urged to improve on information sharing to ensure communities are evacuated on time when weather-related disasters strike.
 
The Southern AFRICAN Research and Documentation Centre, SARDC, says people expect increased moisture to improve cropping, but floods can destroy crops and disturb food security.
 
It says excessive rainfall may also increase the incidences of malaria and water-borne diseases in the region as well as the possibility of damage to infrastructure due to flooding.
 
SARDC says ONE of the challenges still affecting SADC member states is the lack of current and reliable data on possible weather scenarios, resulting in many people getting killed or becoming homeless.
 
It says there is also need to retrofit, or to add new technology or features to, public infrastructure such as schools – as they act as both centres of learning and as sanctuaries in cases of emergencies such as floods.
 
The Centre says River Basin Organisations, like the ZAMBEZI WATERCOURSE COMMISSION, ZAMCOM, are making efforts to improve the sharing of information on water flow and climate conditions.
 
ZAMCOM is in the process of strengthening information sharing in the EIGHT Basin States: ANGOLA, BOTSWANA, MALAWI, MOZAMBIQUE, NAMIBIA, TANZANIA, ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE.
 
The involved nations share the data through the ZAMBEZI Water Resources Information System Enhancement THREE: Hydro-meteorological Database and Decision Support System, or ZAMWIS-DSS.
 
The SARDC says the main objective of the ZAMWIS-DSS is to support the promotion and coordination of the management and development of resources of the ZAMBEZI Watercourse in a sustainable and climate-resilient manner.
 
Authorities expect that once the system is completed, riparian states will be able to respond better to flood hazards in the future; and the region is taking another measure to set up village-based response systems to respond to floods.
 
The alert system includes the use of traditional knowledge systems in raising awareness through civic education, like, for example, the appearance of large populations of ants will indicate occurrence of floods.
 
Weather and other experts say floods may present opportunities to the SADC Region if countries start prioritizing water harvesting projects to harness rains and use the water for agricultural purposes in future, especially during drought years./Sabanews/cam

AU CONSULTS REGIONAL PARTNERS ON COMMON POSITION TO END TB

AFRICA: TB/SABANEWS/7/11/17 SABANews 1
JOHANNESBURG – The AU Partnership and Coordination Forum on AIDS, TB and Malaria has reviewed the draft Common AFRICA Position on TB for the UN General Assembly High Level Meeting in 2018.
 
A statement from the continental group says the Draft Common Position on TB was last month reviewed by the Ministry of Health TB Program Managers in HARARE, ZIMBABWE.
 
It says the document focuses on SIX pillars: leadership, country ownership, governance and accountability; universal and equitable access to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, care and support.
 
Others are access to affordable and quality assured medicines, commodities and technologies; research and innovation; health financing and strategic information; promoting leadership, country ownership, governance and accountability.
 
The draft calls for sustained political commitment and for increased leadership, ownership, integration, governance and management of TB programs to promote accountability.
 
It further calls on governments to intensify TB responses through working with AFRICAN leaders as champions, cross-sector partnerships, increased oversight and accountability, improved monitoring, evaluation and reporting.
 
The AU says while recognising structural and operational barriers to achieve universal access, the draft calls for Member States to scale up TB programs to reach, find, treat and cure all people with the killer disease.
 
It also calls for Multi Drug Resistant TB to be declared a global emergency and health security threat, to ensure it can be addressed properly in most affected countries.
 
The draft calls for access to TB services in congested settings, high risk areas like prisons, mines and areas affected by conflict and humanitarian emergencies, to help guarantee no one is left behind.
 
The Common AFRICA Position calls for governments to pursue new innovations and ensure access to affordable and quality assured medicines, commodities and technologies for TB.
 
The draft says governments should strengthen ties with research institutions to enhance innovation and evidence-informed policies and programs as well as increased investments in research and innovation.
 
AFRICA will also push for increased domestic and international funding to health through innovative financing mechanisms, social health insurance schemes and increased allocations at various levels.
 
The Common AFRICA Position also calls for improved data to inform policy and programs for TB, while the AU Commission has lined up various consultation conferences ahead of the UN meeting.
 
TB is spread through the air from person to person, when a patient coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings; and people nearby may breathe in the bacteria and become infected./Sabanews/cam