MAPUTO – The MOZAMBIQUE Revenue Authority says it has detained an assortment of goods that include food, phones, and motor vehicles smuggled into the country.

Police struggle to control porous border (Pic. Web)

RADIO MOZAMBIQUE says the agency has carried out an operation in the districts of ZOBUE CUCHAMANO, on the border with ZAMBIA, as well as in CHANGARA and MOATIZE, which border MALAWI.

It quotes the Revenue Authority TETE Provincial Officer as saying they have seized SEVEN cars, a number of cell-phones, about 19-THOUSAND tonnes of sugar, THREE bales of used clothing, 16 packs of soda, 67 tyres, and other loose items.

ÂMIDO ABDALA says many people resort to covert cross-border activities largely because they cannot afford to pay for travel documents, border taxes, work permits, as well as import and trade licenses.

He says officials in TETE Province have adaunting task to monitor the movement of goods and people at THREE major boundaries with ZAMBIA and MALAWI.

He names the frontiers as CUCHAMANO in CHANGARA District; ZOBUE in MOATIZE; CASSACATIZA in CHIFUNDE District; CALOMUE, which also borders MALAWI, in ANGONIA District.

However, Mr ABDALA says poachers and smugglers have virtually destroyed the boundary fence by cutting it or even digging trenches underneath.

Mocimboa da Praia District offices (Pic. Agencies)

MOZAMBIQUE has for years being struggling to bring sanity to its borders amid a concoction of crimes like illegal migration, human trafficking, armed banditry, poaching, and smuggling.

Defence Minister ATANÁSIO M’TUMUKE had to meet his TANZANIAN counterpart, HUSSEIN MWINYI, last year to come up with a joint operation plan to fight cross-border crimes.

Their discussions in the South-eastern TANZANIA town of MTWARA came after a wave of attacks against civilians and security posts by armed gangs in the CABO DELGADO Region of Northern MOZAMBIQUE.

The previous year had seen at least 100 people – including civilians, members of the security forces, as well as suspected bandits, killed in violent clashes in the area.

Media reports say the wave of violence in CABO DELGADO broke out after a group from a local mosque attacked police stations in MOCÍMBOA DA PRAIA District in OCTOBER 2017.

Since then, Northern MOZAMBIQUE has recorded many cross-border crimes that continue to worry the State at a time when the country is fighting to recover its economy and harvest the abundant natural resources it has./Sabanews/cam



DAR ES SALAAM – The authorities in TANZANIA say they have not chased the EUROPEAN UNION Ambassador out of the country as reported in the media.

Tanzania AntiRiot Police (Pic. Agencies)

Foreign Affairs and East AFRICAN Cooperation Minister AUGUSTINE MAHIGA says the EU has recalled ROELAND VAN DE GEER after discussions between the TWO sides, but he does not give details.

EU delegation ambassador Roeland Van de Geer (Pic. ESI Africa)

RADIO TANZANIA says his statement comes as a response to news reports this weekend claiming the State had sent the vocal EUROPEAN UNION Envoy packing, for undisclosed reasons.

Minister MAHIGA has broken the silence on the saga in the commercial capital, DAR ES SALAAM, shortly after addressing a meeting of international organisations working in the SADC country.

The news of the sudden departure of Ambassador VAN DE GEER, who also doubled as the EU Representative to the EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY, broke last FRIDAY night after widespread rumours since midweek.

The national broadcaster says the word quickly spread and attracted wide debate on different platforms, with commentators offering divergent views about the manner in which the Envoy left the country.

A Senior Lecturer at the Institute of Diplomacy and International Relations, BENARD ACHIULA, has agreed with the Minister saying the recall of Ambassador VAN DE GEER is a normal embassy development.

RADIO TANZANIA says he will be the SECOND high-ranking diplomat to leave in recent years, following the expulsion of UNITED NATIONS Development Program country boss, Ms AWA DABO, in APRIL 2017.

The EU has recalled its official, allegedly, after what it calls the decline of the human rights and rule of law in TANZANIA, where ONE regional official has called for the exposure and arrests of homosexuals.

THE ASSOCIATED PRESS quotes an EU statement as saying it will be carrying out a broad review of ties with the JOHN MAGUFULI Administration, but the group does not mention the issues of concern.

However, the development comes amid fears of a looming crackdown against homosexuals after DAR ES SALAAM Commissioner PAUL MAKONDA addressed the media in the city.

Dar es Salaam Regional Commissioner Paul Makonda (Pic. The Citizen)

He has called on citizens to look out for suspected gays and lesbians and report their activities to the police; but the government says his statement is his own opinion, not State policy.

The authorities say they will continue to abide by all global accords on human rights to which it has committed, and it protects all human rights guaranteed in the National Constitution.

THE ASSOCIATED PRESS also says an official with the TANZANIA HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS COALITION has condemned the call by the DAR ES SALAAM Commissioner.

It quotes ONESMO OLENGURUMWA as saying the call by Mr MAKONDA for a crackdown on gays and lesbians violates the right to privacy and infringes on basic human rights.

Nevertheless, Commissioner MAKONDA has told journalists he aims to end homosexuality and prostitution in the country, and members of the public have already sent names of more than 200 suspected homosexuals to the police.

Homosexuality is a crime in TANZANIA and as well as many other AFRICAN countries, whose people often see the practice as something being imported from the WEST./Sabanews/cam



LAKE VICTORIA – More than 100 people have been killed after a boat in which they were travelling capsized on Lake VICTORIA in TANZANIA.

Hundreds are feared dead in  ferry capsize on Lake Victoria (Pic. Agencies)

RADIO TANZANIA says Police Chief Inspector General SIMON SIRRO has revealed the shocking figure at the scene during a rescuing exercise.

With a surface area of about 68-THOUSAND-800 square kilometres, Lake VICTORIA is the largest water body in AFRICA and the world’s largest tropical lake.

It also ranks as the world’s SECOND largest fresh water lake by surface area, after Lake SUPERIOR in North AMERICA; but it is has claimed thousands of lives over years.

Witnesses to the current tragedy say the MV NYERERE capsized close to the landing stage on UKARA Island, just a few meters before reaching its destination.

RADIO TANZANIA says the ferry may have been carrying as many as passengers double the ferry recommended capacity.

It quotes people who claim to have seen the accident as saying the boat toppled after passengers rushed to ONE side in readiness to disembark as they approached the dock.

The MWANZA Regional Police Commissioner, who is at the scene, has told the national broadcaster they found 42 bodies this FRIDAY morning, in addition to another 44 picked up the day before.

JOHN MONGELLA says the number of survivors has also increased from 37 to 40, but it is unclear whether, or not, the Police and Army divers have found any others since resumption of rescue operations this morning.

Media reports say about 200 people were killed in another major accident last year off the coast of ZANZIBAR: although hundreds others survived, with some found clinging to mattresses and fridges in the waters.

Earlier in 1996, TANZANIA had seen more than 800 people killed in ONE of the worst ferry disasters of the last century after the MV BUKOBA capsized on Lake VICTORIA./Sabanews/cam



ZANZIBAR CITY – The President of the TANZANIAN semi-autonomous islands of ZANZIBAR has called on people in his country to stop occupy land illegally.

City street in Zanzibar (Pic. Getty Pictures)

ALI MOHAMED SHEIN says his government will not tolerate law abusers, and it will not fold its hands as criminals set up homes in protected and non-residential areas.

The DAILY NEWS says his comments come after a trip to a FOUR-POINT-THREE-hectare plot reserved for the ZANZIBAR High Court at TUNGUU in the Central District, in South UNGUJA.

President SHEIN has expressed dismay after disturbing reports saying a number of people have invaded the area.

He says the authorities and residents should not allow such acts, because it is against the law to grab State land reserved for socio-economic development projects.

The ZANZIBAR Archipelago in the INDIAN Ocean, 25 kilometres off the Coast of Mainland TANZANIA, comprises many small islands – the largest of them being UNGUJA and PEMBA.

The 2002 Census, the most recent, shows the ZANZIBAR population at 984-THOUSAND-625, with about TWO-THIRDS of the people living on UNGUJA or ZANZIBAR Island, most of them settled in the densely populated west.

Besides ZANZIBAR CITY, other towns on UNGUJA include CHAANI, CHWAKA, MBWENI, MANGAPWANI, and NUNGWI; while outside the urban centres most people live in small villages of farmers and fishermen.

ZANZIBAR has diverse ethnic origins, with the FIRST permanent residents seeming to have been the ancestors of the BANTU, HADIMU, and TUMBATU, who began arriving from the AFRICAN Great Lakes mainland around AD-ONE-THOUSAND.

However, President SHEIN says all ZANZIBAR land is under the government and nobody has the right to occupy open areas on the islands unlawfully.

He has urged people to follow the right procedures whenever they want to reside anywhere, saying persons who invaded and built houses in the area have breached the law and have to vacate.

The ZANZIBAR Leader has commended SOUTH UNGUJA Regional Commissioner for removing the trespassers, saying the State never permitted use of the area for residential purposes./Sabanews/cam



DAR ES SALAAM – Health Minister UMMY MWALIMU of TANZANIA has launched a cell phone-based application that supports testing, treatment and improves adherence to antiretroviral therapy for people living with HIV and AIDS.

Health Minister Ummy Mwalimu (Pic. Daily News)

The DAILY NEWS says fast ART self-assessment and ARV refill is a part of mobile phone health initiative that HIV patients use for self-check in, and an appointment reminder for patients.

The UNITED STATES President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, PEPFAR, supported the launch with support from the WALTER REED Army Institute of Research and the HENRY JACKSON Foundation Medical Research International.

The publication says Minister MWALIMU, also in charge of Community Development, Gender, the Elderly, and Children, has addressed delegates during the FURAHA YANGU Campaign in the south-western city of SONGEA.

It says she has commended the intervention, saying it will help HIV and AIDS patients to improve their adherence to medication, decongest clinics, and allow for more, quality time to see an expert.

Minister MWALIMU says as a result, clients will have better access to ARV services, thus improving adherence and retention as well as supporting the SECOND and THIRD Phases of the 90-90-90 UN-AIDS goals.

She says they expect the cell phone-based application to improve the government’s service delivery model for stable clients on ART.

It comprises a virtual self-check-in that allows the client to navigate through an unstructured supplementary service data menu, completing a series of questions similar to those an expert would ask during a typical clinic visit.

The answers qualify the client either for a refill of medication from a nearby pharmacy or pick-up point, or for referral back to the Care and Treatment Centre for physical check-up and management.

Minister MWALIMU says the facility supports the differentiated care models allowing for multi-month scripting and spaced-out clinical visits for stable clients.

The TANZANIAN Cabinet member says the scheme aims to increase retention and adherence to ART through a secure phone-based two-way messaging system./Sabanews/cam



KONDOA – Smallholder sunflower farmers in the KONDOA District of TANZANIA are appealing to the government for support to expand their cropping and get reliable markets.

Sunflower production benefits women (Pic. IPPMedia)

The DAILY NEWS says they have told reporters they have been encountering a number of challenges in acquiring quality sunflower seeds, while the shortage of extension officers is also a serious production challenge.

It quotes members belonging to a group of female sunflower farmers from the MBUMAMA Group of BUMBUTA Village in the district as saying they are failing to produce enough due to poor seed quality.

The Chairperson of MBUMAMA says the 43 members of her group are from MBUBUTA, MAHONGO and NKUNDULU villages, and they produce a number of items including cooking oil from sunflower.

THERESIA PANGALA says they also manufacture smear oil, mosquito repellents, shoe polish, as well as special oil for treating a variety of skin diseases.

Another member of the organisation, HALIMA NYERESA, says they produce the goods using very simple facilities and, as a result, they are not yet benefitting much – due to poor markets.

She says the vision of their group is to set up a vast factory for massive output of sunflower products like refined cooking oil.

The women say they welcome any possible sponsorship from the private and public sectors to realise their ambitions.

The call for State help by the producers come amid media reports saying the authorities expect cotton production in TANZANIA to grow FOUR times in the 2018 agricultural season./Sabanews/cam



Souther African townships remain overcrowded (Pic. Getty Images)

DAR ES SALAAM – The TANZANIA Institute of Bankers has been holding a training course to enable its members understand ways to give out housing loans safely.

The DAILY NEWS says organisers of the FIVE-day-long workshop expect the effort to allow self-employed people access funds to build their own homes, unlike now when only salaried workers can do so.

It says the Institute understands financiers have mainly relied heavily on monthly salary deduction when giving mortgage loans, leaving out potential customers in the informal market.

AZANIA Bank Retail Banking Senior Manager JACKSON LOHAY says limited skills obstruct bankers when computing repayment schedules for non-salaried customers.

He has made the remarks during the introduction of the new course developed jointly between TANZANIA Mortgage Refinance Company and the TANZANIA Institute of Bankers.

Mr LOHAY says the lack of skills in the banking sector has denied self-employed citizens such as lawyers, civil contractors, consultants, businesspersons and others chances to build houses.

The DAILY NEWS says the senior financial expert has presented a paper entitled: An Overview and Challenges of Mortgage Finance in TANZANIA.

It quotes Mr LOHAY as saying the persistent accommodation problems can end through the new FIVE-day course, which aims to empower bankers deal with the issue of housing loans.

His paper reveals a variety of challenges ranging from land titles, building permits, unplanned settlements, and suitability for mortgage registration.

Mr LOHAY says another issue is home seekers prefer standalone apartments, hence the increasing demands for surveyed plots.

On other hands, banks are facing a number of credit risk challenges that include foreclosure, over financing to limit repayment, fraud, and underfinance, leaving developers with semi-finished properties.

Mr LOHAY says the problems push house developers to rely on monies they raise on their own and, as result, people see a number of semi-finished properties in their communities.

TANZANIA Mortgage Refinance Company Chief Financial Officer OSWALD URASSA says the expectation after the course is to produce skilled mortgage bankers with enough skills to issue loans to self-employed people.

The TANZANIAN financial expert says trainees will learn a process of arranging house loans using different score cards that help calculate the value of properties, loan sizes, and repayments./Sabanews/cam



KISIMA – A senior government official has called on men in TANZANIA to support breastfeeding mothers at home and in society.

BAHI District Acting Executive Director BERNADETHA JANUARY says such efforts by husbands will help achieve exclusive breastfeeding for all babies below SIX months in the country.

Breastfeeding saves lives of both baby and mother (Pic. Agencies)

The DAILY NEWS says she has addressed delegates to a Breastfeeding Week ceremony at KISIMA CHA NDEGE Village in the DODOMA Region.

It quotes Ms JANUARY as saying it is possible to breastfeed a child throughout SIX months up to TWO years if the husband supports his wife.

She says breastfeeding mothers need support and encouragement from their husbands because both parents are responsible for child upbringing and care.

WORLD VISION TANZANIA has organised the Breastfeeding Week to raise awareness amid reports saying babies can live if they are breastfed for the FIRST SIX months of life.

Ms JANUARY says at least 97 percent of new mothers in the country breastfeed their babies, but the majority of them do not consider breastfeeding procedures and requirements.

She says husbands must therefore help their wives because breastfeeding is very critical during the FIRST SIX months of life; as it helps to prevent diseases like diarrhoea and pneumonia – the TWO major causes of death among infants.

Ms JANUARY says the practice is also beneficial to the mother, as it reduces chances of her getting ovarian and breast cancer.

During the period of breastfeeding, mothers are encouraged to feed their babies with nothing but breast milk alone, and in the following months they can then give babies complimentary food – but with continued breastfeeding up to TWO years.

Acting BAHI District Medical Officer REBECCA NGHWASA says the State and other stakeholders have been campaigning for the better protection of the mother and the new born.

She says a pregnant mother needs sufficient food and vitamins and the authorities encourage both parents to attend antenatal clinic for the safety of the baby and the woman.

WORLD VISION TANZANIA Program Manager NOEL MBAGUKA says his organisation has trained more community health workers in the BAHI and CHEMBA districts of DODOMA.

He says the number has increased to 220 from 150 workers, allowing each village to have at least TWO health workers, as they collaborate with the government to protect both the mother and the new born.

The WORLD VISION TANZANIA Program Manager says lack of community health workers has increased cases of maternal and infant mortality in the TWO districts of the country./Sabanews/cam



Sharp objects like broken glass, razors, or scissors are used in FGM (Pic. Reuters)

DAR ES SALAAM – A campaigner against female genital mutilation in TANZANIA has accused politicians in the northern region of MARA Region of aiding the continued practice of Female Genital Mutilation, FGM.

ROBI SAMUEL from TARIME District says politicians seeking votes in the area have been entering into agreements with traditional leaders, promising to protect them as they practice FGM.

She says they use chiefs and herd men as their campaigners to attract voters, promising to protect the traditional leaders if they encounter problems during FGM practices.

Ms SAMUEL, who is the Director of SAFE HOUSE TANZANIA, has made the accusations during an event lined up by the CHAMPIONS ACTIVE TO END FGM in partnership with the UNITED NATIONS Population Fund.

The DAILY NEWS says the activity has also seen the screening of the internationally acclaimed film titled IN NAME OF YOUR DAUGHTER.

It says Ms SAMUEL has called on the State and the rest of the anti-FGM advocates to come up with a decree for politicians to lead the fight against the brutality against women and girls in the country.

She says most of the traditional leaders in MARA Region would love to stop FGM practices, but due to economic constraints, they allow the practice to continue and they earn money.

Ms SAMUEL says many traditional leaders had stopped the tradition completely but have gone back because they miss the rewards they used to earn from the people who took their daughters for genital mutilation.

She says there is need for support to the traditional leaders who abandon the practice, in order to enable them to engage in other income generating activities, and get rid of FGM.

Ministry of Health Family Unit Assistant Director GRACE MWANGWA says the State is committed to eliminate traditions and cultural beliefs that lead communities into engaging in FGM practices.

However, she says the main challenges are the traditional norms and beliefs among the people – which prompt them to engage girls and women into the violence.

Ms MWANGWA also says the government has a variety of initiatives lined up to ensure gender-based violence, including FGM, comes to an end by 2030.

She says ONE of the plans is the National Forum ahead of the International Girl Child in OCTOBER, when government officials and stakeholders discuss how to stop the FGM and other forms of violence against women and girls.

UNFPA Deputy Representative HASHINA BEGUM says there is need for the government and stakeholders to work together to challenge traditions and cultural beliefs that foment FGM practices.

The high-ranking UN official says the world body will continue to support the TANZANIAN authorities to activate the national FGM task force and to ensure laws and policies on FGM are implemented.

Researchers say female genital mutilation, also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia.

They say the practice is found in AFRICA, ASIA and the MIDDLE EAST, and within communities from countries in which FGM is common.

UNICEF says about 200-MILLION women living in 27 AFRICAN countries, as well as in INDONESIA, IRAQI KURDISTAN and YEMEN in 2016 went through the FGM procedures./Sabanews/cam



The dangerous plank road on Huashan (Pic. Ancient Origins)

NGORONGORO – The authorities in the NGORONGORO Conservation Area in Northern TANZANIA are planning to build ONE of the most scaring gangplank bridges in the world.

The DAILY NEWS says the structure, running over the active OLDONYO L’ENGAI volcanic mountain, is likely to be more frightening than the HUASHAN Trail of CHINA.

It quotes Engineer JOSHUA MWANKUNDE as saying they have already mapped the potential area to build the 15-kilometre-long overpass.

It will link the MOUNTAIN OF GOD, as OLDONYO LENGAI in NGARESERO is known, to the EMPAAKAI Crater in the NGORONGORO Conservation Area, giving daring tourists a thrilling adventure of a lifetime.

Engineer MWANKUNDE, Manager In-Charge of the newly established NGORONGORO-LENGAI Geopark, has revealed the plans during the FIRST Tourism Investors’ Forum the Area Authority has organised.

The gathering, jointly held with the TANZANIA ASSOCIATION OF TOUR OPERATORS and HOTEL ASSOCIATION OF TANZANIA, aims to discuss ways to increase tourism ventures.

Natural Resources and Tourism Deputy Minister JAPHET HASUNGA has opened the forum, saying improvised attractions support the State plans to record TWO-MILLION tourists by 2020.

Meanwhile, the DAILY NEWS says the revival of the national carrier, AIR TANZANIA, has seen tourism players setting up more lodges, hotels, and campsites in the NGORONGORO-LENGAI Geopark.

It says AIR TANZANIA officials have recently announced plans to roll out the proposed DAR ES SALAAM-BEIJING route, shortly after the national flag carrier acquired its new BOEING 787 DREAMLINER.

More than 25 different firms specialising in travel, tourism, and hospitality industries have come up with the initiative hoping the revived airliner will bring in more visitors.

They expect to attract people from the FAR EAST, mainly the CHINESE who like geological formations, spellbinding views and topography as opposed to the Western visitors who prefer wildlife.

Association of Tour Operators Chairperson WILL CHAMBULO says the NASERA Rock, ONE of the giant stones in the Northern Zone, can make good camping site for tourists.

However, he says they will have to move the nearby road connecting the NGORONGORO Conservation Area with LOLIONDO, further to ensure the location has the required privacy for tented abodes.

The DAILY NEWS says the NGORONGORO Conservation Area Authority recently got the mandate to set up the national geological form of tourism known as Geopark.

It says the Authority has so far listed the NGORONGORO-LENGAI Geopark in association with the EUROPEAN UNION (EU) and UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation, UNESCO.

TANZANIA is the SECOND AFRICAN country to have a Geopark after MOROCCO, and the government of CHINA has recently given about 10-MILLION-964-THOUSAND US dollars to boost development of the new type of tourism./Sabanews/cam