PRIMITIVE PRACTICE STILL PREVALENT, BUT COURTS FIGHT ON

MALAWI: RITUALS/NYASA TIMES/3/4/18 SABANews 1

Hyena man out of jail

BLANTYRE – An HIV-positive MALAWIAN man who has been serving a sentence for having ritual sex with more than 100 women and girls is now out of prison.

ERIC ANIVA is HYENA, a traditional title in some parts of the SOUTHERN Region held by a man paid to initiate young women into adulthood through sex.

Cultural researchers say the man has sex with children between the ages of 12 and 17, as a part of a ceremony of passage called KUSASA FUMBI or brushing off the dust; meaning sexual cleansing.

They say the THREE-day-long ritual is believed to prevent disease, since HYENAS are said to be immune to diseases such as HIV and AIDS; although of course some catch fall sick.

The outdated ceremony can place the young girls at risk of HIV infection because the HYENA has sexual intercourse with all the girls; and the ritual requires the exchange of sexual fluids.

The NYASA TIMES says the BLANTYRE Magistrate’s Court in NOVEMBER 2016 jailed ANIVA for TWO years on charges of indulging in harmful cultural practices against the law.

It quotes his Lawyer, MICHEAL GOBA CHIPETA, as saying the former 47-year-old convict has been out of prison since DECEMBER 2017 after he served his full sentence.

ANIVA appeared in a BBC feature in which he confessed to having sex with 104 women and girls, prompting President PETER MUTHARIKA to order his arrest and that of all HYENAS.

Sexual cleansing exposes girls and women to HIV infection

Sexual cleansing involving HYENAS is known as Kulowa Kufa, a practice in which women take part at different points in their life, including if their husband has died or if they have an abortion.

Primitive-thinking families send young girls to initiation camps before puberty to learn how to have sex, over THREE days after their FIRST period, supposedly to avoid infection with their parents or the rest of the community.

Generally, sexual cleansing is an outdated AFRICAN tradition practiced in parts of KENYA, ZAMBIA, MALAWI, UGANDA, TANZANIA, MOZAMBIQUE, ANGOLA, IVORY COAST, and CONGO./Sabanews/cam

STATE WARNED TO BE WARY OF BUSINESS MONOPOLIES

SEYCHELLES: CORRUPTION/SNA/28/3/18 SABANews 1

VICTORIA – An independent anti-corruption expert has called on the SEYCHELLES Government to pay close attention to business monopolies because they can breed corruption.

MALIKA AÏT-MOHAMED PARENT says such situations target areas like the management of land, which the SEYCHELLES Government fully controls.

Malika Ait Mohamed Parent at the Grand Bargain Report Launch (Pic. IRIN)

She says he has met with senior managers in the Ministry of Land Use and Habitat to discuss prevention measures against dishonesty and bribery, because soil managers are a huge target for crooks on all continents.

SEYCHELLES News Agency, SNA, says Ms PARENT made the remarks after a public lecture organised by the TRANSPARENCY INITIATIVE SEYCHELLES, a new NGO affiliate to TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL.

She says she is in the island nation for ONE week and has already met with many officials from different ministries including the local Anti-Corruption Commission, to talk about issues relating to dishonesty.

Their discussions covered issues relating to corruption trends, bribery practice, and corruption schemes, as well as different preventive actions applicable in different contexts.

SEYCHELLES, a group of 115 islands in the Western INDIAN Indian Ocean, is in the process of revising the Anti-Corruption Act of 2016.

SNA says Ms PARENT has shared with Attorney-General FRANK ALLY her observations on the complexity of the subject and the revision of the Anti-Corruption Act; as vital issues that need the right thinking.

She says while an Anti-Corruption Commission is good, the country is on a learning curve; and the body will need people with investigation skills to work on complex cases.

TRANSPARENCY INITIATIVE SEYCHELLES Chairperson CHRYSTOLD CHETTY says they have invited the expert to enable the public to learn about the practice of corruption.

TRANSPARENCY INITIATIVE SEYCHELLES is a not-for-profit organisation launched in APRIL last year to help fight against corruption and bribery.

Mr CHETTY says his group organised the workshop to ensure children born last year in the VICTORIA Hospital can say no to corruption by the time they reach 18.

He also says people always need to stay vigilant, as corruption is no longer a perception; and, in fact, there have been cases where some are scared to come forward to report dishonesty.

The Anti-Corruption Commission has to date, recorded THREE cases of corruption, TWO of which have been sent to the Attorney-General’s Office for further action.

In the 2017 Global Perceptions Index, SEYCHELLES is ranked 36 out 180 countries, the best performance for the island nation since the Index started in 1995./Sabanews/cam

NATION LEADS EAST AFRICA IN RIGHTS PROTECTION

AU Heads of State and delegates in plenary session in the AU headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (Pic. Agencies)

TANZANIA: RIGHTS/DAILY NEWS/27/3/18 SABANews 1

DAR ES SALAAM – TANZANIA is leading the EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY Region in the defence and protection of the rights of its citizens and other individuals.

The DAILY NEWS says the development comes after the country agreed to the Protocol in the AFRICAN Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights.

It says TANZANIA has also recognised the competence of the AFRICAN Court on Human and Peoples` Rights to receive cases from non-governmental groups and from individuals.

The continental Court Summary says TANZANIA is ONE of the EIGHT countries among 30 states that have ratified the Protocol and declared the Court’s competence to receive cases from NGOs and individuals.

Other countries are BENIN, BURKINA FASO, IVORY COAST, GHANA, MALI, MALAWI and TUNISIA.

All other EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY countries, KENYA, UGANDA, RWANDA, and BURUNDI, except SOUTH SUDAN, which joined the Community recently, have ratified the Protocol.

However, the DAILY NEWS says only TANZANIA has gone the extra mile by recognising the Court’s competence to receive cases from individuals and NGOs.

It says RWANDA had earlier made the declaration to recognise the Court’s competence to receive cases from NGOs and individuals, but soon withdrew for undisclosed reasons.

Member countries of the AU established the AFRICAN Court on Human and People’s Rights to ensure the protection of human and peoples’ rights on the Continent.

It complements and reinforces the functions of the AFRICAN Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights; but only 30 out of the 54 nations have ratified the Protocol.

They are ALGERIA, BENIN, BURKINA FASO, BURUNDI, CAMEROON, CHAD, IVORY COAST, COMOROS, CONGO, GABON, GAMBIA, GHANA, KENYA, LIBYA, LESOTHO, MALI, and MALAWI.

Others are MOZAMBIQUE, MAURITANIA, MAURITIUS, NIGERIA, NIGER, RWANDA, SAHRAWI ARAB DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC, SOUTH AFRICA, SENEGAL, TANZANIA, TOGO, TUNISIA and UGANDA.

States that have not ratified the Protocol are ANGOLA, BOTSWANA, the DRC, MADAGASCAR, NAMIBIA, SWAZILAND, ZAMBIA, and ZIMBABWE.

The rest are CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC, EGYPT, EQUATORIAL GUINEA, ERITREA, ETHIOPIA, GUINEA, GUINEA BISSAU, LIBERIA, MOROCCO, SIERRA LEON, SOMALIA, SOUTH SUDAN, and SUDAN.

Only EIGHT of the 30 State parties to the Protocol had as at FEBRUARY 2018, made the declaration recognising the competence of the AFRICAN Court on Human and People’s Rights to receive cases from NGOs and individuals./Sabanews/cam

PRESIDENT CONDEMNS HIGH TAXATION IN THE COUNTRY

TANZANIA: TAXES/DAILY NEWS/15/3/18 SABANews 1

DODOMA – President JOHN MAGUFULI of TANZANIA has lashed out at the national Revenue Authority for punishing taxpayers in the SADC country.

President John Magufuli not happy with tax collectors

He says paying levies should be an honourable obligation rather than a burden and has ordered the Minister of Finance and Planning as well as the Permanent Secretary to act.

President MAGUFULI says they should help seek an end to the challenges facing the Revenue Authority to improve relationships with taxpayers.

The DAILY NEWS quotes the Head of State as saying he is concerned about reports of fixing tax rates against a government directive to have uniform charges across the board.

He has addressed delegates to a ceremony to lay the foundation stone for the construction of a 426-kilometre-long railway line from MOROGORO to MAKUTUPORA in the capital, DODOMA.

President MAGUFULI has expressed concern over alleged unethical acts of some officials, whom he says are ready to destroy the good deeds of the Revenue Authority and the country.

Moreover, he says the Revenue Authority should revise taxation procedures to ensure the agreed taxes do not appear to be a disturbance to the people.

President MAGUFULI has revealed his government needs a lot of money to construct a railway line from the commercial capital, DAR ES SALAAM to MWANZA.

It needs another huge amount for the RUFIJI Hydropower project to generate at least TWO-THOUSAND-100 megawatts for the country’s industrial economy and FIRST ever speed train.

President MAGUFULI says his administration is carrying out a strategic plan involving the expansion and rehabilitation of 11 airports as well as the DAR ES SALAAM, TANGA and MTWARA harbours.

He says the Revenue Authority should work ethically because the State needs money to improve access to water across rural and urban areas, and to connect all villages to the power grid by 2021.

The Head of State says the issue of TANZANIA having a population of 55-MILLION is not a problem, when a country like CHINA, with more than ONE-BILLION citizens, has become highly advanced./Sabanews/cam

AUTHORITIES VOW TO FIGHT POACHERS AND ILLEGAL LOGGERS
ANGOLA: ENVIRONMENT/ANGOP/14/3/18 SABANews 1

CABINDA – The Ministry of Environment in ANGOLA has pledged to fight poaching and illegal logging activities in order to protect animal and plant species in the country.

Environment Minister PAULA FRANCISCO COELHO has given an interview to the national news agency, ANGOP in the northern region of CABINDA.

Angolan Environment Minister Paula Francisco Coelho

She has visited BUCO-ZAU and BELIZE municipalities in the region to explain a program to recruit former military personnel to protect fauna and flora at MAIOMBE National Park.

MAIOMBE National Park Manager JOSÉ MARIA BIZI says the nature reserve needs 65 more officers because the current 15 are failing to manage the 193-THOUSAND hectares.

To mitigate the shortage of staff, the administration now relies on members of the public who volunteer information on poaching and illegal logging, as well as other evils against nature.

The move comes after the AFRICA Sustainable Conservation publication in JANUARY claimed illegal logging of primary forests continued without any real control, with the agreement of corrupt officials.

It alleged columns of trucks belonging to CHINESE companies carried hundreds of cubic metres of wood to ANGOLAN ports, bound for ASIA.

It said there was lack of information on HUAMBO, BENGUELA, BIÉ and other regions regarding forestry resources, which have been inaccessible for 40 years due to armed conflict.

The publication called on the authorities in ANGOLA to end the problem, saying no country should allow indiscriminate plunder of its natural resources for export as raw materials./Sabanews/cam

NEW TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING SCHOOL IN TWO YEARS

SEYCHELLES: EDUCATION/SNA/15/3/18 SABANews 1

VICTORIA – SEYCHELLES plans to have a new technical and vocational school within the next TWO years.

National news agency, SNA, says the academic facility is scheduled some time in 2020 on ILE SOLEIL, a man-made isle on the east coast of the main island of MAHE.

Technical and vocational training helps Seychelles avoid unemployment woes

It says President DANNY FAURE has announced the plans for the school in his State of the Nation Address, saying the country should better prepare the youth from a young age.

He says such an arrangement will enable youngsters to gain the knowledge and make them competent to integrate into the economic sector.

President FAURE says the college will cater for students from SECONDARY THREE Level, calling on the private sector to collaborate in the construction and management of the facility.

The Head of State says the government will pay for the education of all children who go to the school.

Education and Human Resources Development Minister JOEL MORGAN has commended the facility as another national instrument to better train students technically and in skills development.

He says the State is finalising the plans and mobilising resources for the new school, aimed to allow students to learn in a specialised place and prepare them before post-secondary education.

Minister MORGAN says after the technical training in mechanics, plumbing, electrical, masonry, carpentry and others, students can then fit directly into the SEYCHELLES Institute of Technology.

He says they will also be able after the school to join the Maritime Training Academy, since there currently is a lot of emphasis on aquaculture, which will open different possibilities for the nation.

Minister MORGAN says people in the INDIAN Ocean island country should prepare for chances in areas like fisheries science, navigation, technical expertise in biology, chemistry and food science.

ONE primary school teacher, JOHNACIA SULTAN, has commended the imitative, saying it will encourage some previously reluctant students to take interest in technical studies.

SNA quotes a parent formerly in the education sector, KATHLEEN BONNELAME, as saying the technical and vocational school will help address poor performances in State schools.

She says parents welcome the move because children who perform poorly in academic studies will have the chance to develop and acquire skills that qualify them to join the world of work.

Minister MORGAN says the authorities are discussing ways for the new school to integrate students from PRASLIN and LA DIGUE, the other TWO major islands among the total 115.

The SEYCHELLES Cabinet Member says the government further plans to build a similar technical and vocational school to cater for all kids in the country of some 95-THOUSAND-235 people./Sabanews/cam

POVERTY AND INEQUALITY FAR FROM OVER

NAMIBIA: LIVELIHOODS/NBC/15/3/18 SABANews 1

WINDHOEK – With income disparities ranging as high as 58 percent countrywide, poverty and inequalities remain the major concerns in NAMIBIA, even after independence on 21 MARCH 1990.

Poverty-stricken families lack decent livelihoods

NBC News says the Household Income and Expenditure Survey of TWO years ago (2015 to 2016) shows had then dropped by TWO percent from 60 to 58 percent.

KUNENE, OMAHEKE, KAVANGO EAST and WEST, as well as ZAMBEZI are the regions with the highest levels of poverty, compared to the provinces of KHOMAS, ERONGO, HARDAP, OSHANA, and KARAS.

The national broadcaster says the survey further shows poverty is most prevalent in rural areas of the country than in towns and cities.

The Household Income and Expenditure Survey says 36-POINT-THREE percent of most household incomes go towards food and drinks at, while 31-POINT-EIGHT percent is spent on other domestic expenses.

SEVEN-POINT-FIVE percent of income cover transport and communication, and families only spend about FIVE-POINT-THREE percent of their incomes on furniture and equipment.

Health expenditures consume the least at ONE-POINT-SIX percent, after education at TWO-POINT-SIX percent and clothing at FOUR percent.

However, rural households have been found to spend more than HALF their income on food and beverage.

The NAMIBIA Household Income and Expenditure Survey, launched WEDNESDAY in the OSHANA Region, says male-headed households earn much more than female-led families./Sabanews/cam

EXPOSED CHILDREN TO BENEFIT FROM NEW ACCOMMODATION PROJECT

NAMIBIA: CHILDREN/NBC/14/3/18 SABANews 1

WINDHOEK – The DOLAM Children’s Home in the NAMIBIAN capital of WINDHOEK has launched a new accommodation scheme to help needy children.

Informal settlement in Namibia (Pic. Africa Review)

NBC News says the organisation has built the facility to help orphans, abandoned or destitute children living in deplorable conditions in the city.

It quotes the Founder of the DOLAM Children’s Home, ROSA NAMISES, as saying they expect to accommodate some 18 children between the ages of  FIVE and 18 at the centre.

She has told the national broadcaster dealing with children raised under destitute conditions brings a number of challenges.

Ms NAMISES says their new house, comprising FIVE bedrooms, a living room and a kitchen, cost of ONE-MILLION-700-THOUSAND NAMIBIA dollars from local and international donors.

In another development, the Institute for Public Policy Research has urged government to reduce housing costs by considering new technologies and alternative construction materials.

Institute Research Associates DIETRICH REMRNERT and PAULINE NDHLOVU say demand for affordable land and housing in cities and towns have exhausted supply.

They say the existing formal market does not readily cater to the majority of NAMIBIANS, who earn much less money and find it difficult to afford decent houses.

NBC News quotes a study by the research associates as saying rapid urbanisation over the last decade has put more pressure on urban land and service delivery.

The report also says local authorities are failing to address the nationwide housing crisis and lack of service in the mushrooming informal settlements often leads to disease outbreaks.

On the other hand, it urges the Government to focus a lot more on providing land for the people to build their houses instead of building houses for the people.

Nevertheless, Urban and Rural Development Deputy Minister DEREK KLAZEN says dishing out land could encourage construction of more shacks and other unplanned structures.

He says such a development will undermine strategic development and good administration; although he admits there is need for urgent attention to the land and housing issue.

A 2009 article on the ruling SWAPO Party website says there is no land problem in NAMIBIA, except for a lack of political will to solve the issue./Sabanews/cam

EARTHQUAKE LEAVES ANKER RESIDENTS IN SHOCK

NAMIBIA: TREMOR/NBC/14/3/18 SABANews 1

Earthquakes can result from crustal strain, volcanoes, landslides or the collapse of caverns (Pic. UN)

OPUWO – An earthquake has hit the North-western NAMIBIA region of KUNENE, this (WEDNESDAY) morning, leaving a trail of damaged homes and other infrastructure in the ANKER Settlement.

NBC News says the tremor, measuring FOUR-POINT-ZERO-ONE on the RICHTER Scale, occurred about 80 kilometres north-west of KAMANJAB Village – the administrative centre of KAMANJAB Constituency.

It says the authorities have had to evacuate the EDWARD GAROAB Primary School after cracks started opening in the walls and corners of classrooms.

The dining hall, which caters for 178 children resident at the learning institution, suffered extensive damage to the walls and ceiling, including part of the lighting system.

EDWARD GAROAB Primary School Officials say the learning institution remains closed until the SECOND of next month.

They say they have decided to let the young learners stay at home in order to help them recover from the trauma they suffered after the earthquake experience.

KAMANJAB residents say this morning’s quake is the most violent and most scaring of the continuous tremors that have been afflicting them since last year.

Science experts say earthquakes involve movement or shaking of the EARTH’s crust due the release of stresses accumulated because of the rupture of rocks along opposing fault planes./Sabanews/cam

UNITED NATIONS GIVES MORE CREDIT TO NEW ZIM GOVERNMENT

UNITED NATIONS: ZIMBABWE/SABANEWS/14/3/18 SABANews 1

NEW YORK – The political shift and the State bid to rejoin the global community by ZIMBABWE have finally received the most vital recognition.

UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner

UNITED NATIONS Development Program Administrator ACHIM STEINER is this week touring the Sub-SAHARAN AFRICAN country to discuss with President EMMERSON MNANGAGWA.

The BRAZILLIAN-GERMAN environmental expert comes to ZIMBABWE some FOUR months following the ouster of ONE of the world’s oldest presidents, ROBERT MUGABE.

The UNITED NATIONS Mission in ZIMBABWE says Mr STEINER will be around from 15 to 18 MARCH, holding meetings with development partners, civil society, and the UN team here.

His discussions will focus on the forthcoming General Elections to see how the world body can support the voting process, and how it can help the country recover its battered economy.

The Communications Specialist in the UN Resident Coordinator’s Office, SIRAK GEBREHIWOT, has issued a statement saying Mr STEINER will also hold other meetings to better-understand issues.

He will meet neutral entities like the ZIMBABWE Human Rights Commission, Electoral Commission, National Peace and Reconciliation Commission, and the Gender Commission.

Mr GEBREHIWOT says Mr STEINER will deliver the key address at the launch of National Human Development Report on Climate Change on 16 MARCH 2018 in the capital, HARARE.

The study aims to advise on policy, give more evidence for resilience and livelihood building projects, as well as for advocacy to address Climate Change-related disasters that are now regular in ZIMBABWE.

Mr GEBREHIWOT says Mr STEINER will inspect a variety of projects; including a voter registration facility, a farming expansion scheme, and an HIV and AIDS program.

The official says the FOUR-day-long trip will cover the MBARE high-density suburbs of HARARE and the eastern rural district of MUTOKO, where the UN supports booming community schemes.

The high-ranking UN dignitary, whose visit gives more credit to the new government in ZIMBABWE, will hold a press conference this SATURDAY at the MEIKLES Hotel in HARARE./Sabanews/cam