OPPOSITION LEADER KEEPS NATION ANXIOUS

ZIMBABWE: POLITICS/SABANEWS/6/8/18 SABANews 1

HARARE – ZIMBABWE remains unsure of the future as opposition MDC ALLIANCE Leader NELSON CHAMISA continues to reject what have generally passed as credible elections.

MDC Alliance Leder Nelson Chamisa (Pic. Agencies)

Soldiers have shot and killed at least SIX people following a violent protest by his supporters, who took to the streets of the capital, HARARE, on WEDNESDAY while the vote counting was still going on.

Mr CHAMISA has publicly disowned the aggressive protestors, although the MDC ALLIANCE lawyer is representing the 27 people arrested for the violent demonstration.

He accuses the Electoral Commission of stealing the vote for the ruling ZANU PF Party and its Leader, President-Elect EMMERSON DAMBUDZO MNANGWA, on 30 JULY but has failed to produce any evidence so far.

President Emmerson Mnangagwa (Pic. The Herald)

Political commentators say the actions of Mr CHAMISA suggest he wants to force ZANU PF into a unity government in which his party will have representatives, because his rejection of results started even way before the general polls.

However, President-elect MNANGAGWA has told SKY-NEWS of BRITAIN there is no need for him to follow such a path, given the comfortable TWO-THIRDS majority ZANU PF enjoys in the National Assembly.

The Electoral Commission has declared him winner of the WEDNESDAY ballot, in which he scored 50-POINT-EIGHT percent of the votes against 44-POINT-THREE percent of Mr CHAMISA.

President-elect MNANGAGWA says the opposition have the Constitutional right to approach the law if they disagree with his victory, but he has called on Mr CHAMISA to help build a peaceful environment for the country to move forward.

Mr CHAMISA maintains he will not accept the vote outcome but will use all legal means to rule the SADC country, calling on his supporters to avoid violence while he fights for what he describes as his stolen presidency.

His comments come amid international calls for all political leaders in the economically battered ZIMBABWE to be noble in victory and civil in defeat.

The AFRICAN UNION, the COMESA, the SADC Electoral Observer Mission, CHINA, and a number of other members of the global community have congratulated the country for the successful ballots.

The Chairperson of the SADC Organ on Politics, Defence, and Security Cooperation, President JOAO LOURENCO of ANGOLA, has commended voters for conducting themselves in an exemplary manner.

On the other hand, media reports quote AMERICAN State Department Spokesperson HEATHER NAUERT says parties not happy with the electoral outcome should seek legal recourse and avoid violence at all costs.

She has issued a statement saying the UNITED STATES is ready to work with the authorities in ZIMBABWE as they struggle to bring about reforms.

Ms NAUERT, a former AMERICAN journalist, says the 30 JULY elections give the country a historic chance to move beyond the political and economic crises of the past and toward profound democratic change.

She says voters turned out massively to cast their ballots and the authorities managed to deliver a peaceful election day, open to international observers.

Nevertheless, Ms NAUERT says, unfortunately, the process later witnessed what she describes as violence and a disproportionate use of deadly force against protestors by the security forces.

Across the LIMPOPO River in neighbouring SOUTH AFRICA the opposition ECONOMIC FREEDOM FIGHTERS Party Leader JULIUS MALEMA has also called on Mr CHAMISA to accept defeat and allow the country to move forward.

He says SOUTH AFRICANS would have liked Mr CHAMISA to win the polls, but the people of ZIMBABWE have spoken and politicians should listen.

Back home, the State-run SUNDAY MAIL newspaper says a senior and founding member of the MDC-ALLIANCE has dismissed the claims by Mr CHAMISA.

EDDIE CROSS says any challenge against the victory of President-elect MNANGAGWA will be short-lived, because the incoming Head of State campaigned to win a free and fair election – to break with the controversies of the ROBERT MUGABE era.

The ZIMBABWEAN opposition leader has SEVEN days to lodge his case in court, while the swearing-in of President-elect MNANGAGWA will take place within NINE days after announcement of the 30 JULY election results./Sabanews/cam

GOVERNMENT READY FOR 2018 REGIONAL SUMMIT

NAMIBIA: SADC/NBC/6/8/18 SABANews 1

WINDHOEK – NAMIBIA says it is ready to host the 38TH SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY, SADC, Heads of State and Government Summit this month.

International Relations and Cooperation Permanent Secretary SELMA ASHIPALA-MUSAVYI says preparations are on track, and everything will be in place before the meeting on 17 AUGUST.

Ambassador Selma Ashipala-Musavyi poses for a photo with Malaysia High Commissioner Hishamuddin Ibrahim in October 2017 (Pic. Malaysia High Commission)

NBC News says the Head of the SADC Advanced Team, HENDRIX STONDE, is currently inspecting the venue and monitoring the preparations.

The national broadcaster quotes Mr STONDE as saying he is satisfied with the logistics he has seen so far, and efforts by the responsible government departments have exceeded his expectations.

The upcoming Heads of State and Government Summit will see NAMIBIA taking over the Chair of the SADC Region from SOUTH AFRICA.

The 2018 Summit is running under the theme: Promoting Infrastructure Development and Youth Empowerment for Sustainable Development.

NBC News says the NAMIBIAN Government will spend around 50-MILLION NAMIBIA dollars in the hosting of the event.

The SADC Heads of State and Government Summit will come after meetings of senior officials and the Council of Ministers scheduled for the NINTH and the 14TH of AUGUST./Sabanews/cam

MINISTER CALLS FOR INVOLVEMENT OF ALL IN LAND DEBATE

NAMIBIA: LAND/NBC/27/7/18 SABANews 1

Elephants are the biggest culprits when it comes to crop destruction (Pic. The Villager Newspaper)

NKURENKURU – Land Reform Minister UUTONI NUJOMA of NAMIBIA has called for the involvement of all citizens in the ongoing land debate in the TWO KAVANGO regions.

He has addressed delegates to a consultative meeting held in NKURENKURU, capital of the KAVANGO WEST Region in Northern NAMIBIA, 140 kilometres west of the border town of RUNDU.

Minister NUJOMA has told the gathering to discuss the upcoming SECOND National Land Conference the TWO regions can be the national breadbasket if people use farms optimally.

NBC News says hundreds of KAVANGO WEST residents have recently assembled in the NKURENKURU Town to deliberate on resettlement and settlement issues.

It says Minister NUJOMA has repeated his call for the repossession of underutilised land, which should be allocated to farmers able to produce food and create employment.

KAVANGO WEST Governor SIRKKA AUSIKU has opened the TWO-day-long conference hosted in her province.

She says she is concerned about the increased number of people illegally fencing off large tracts of land in communal areas, denying other residents grazing space in the process.

Governor AUSIKU has further used the occasion to inform Environment and Tourism Minister POHAMBA SHIFETA about the escalating human wildlife conflict in her region.

Her comments come amid reports saying there have often been violent encounters between wild animals and farmers.

Humans often react by killing the jumbos (Pic. NBC)

Farmers are fighting to protect their livelihoods, but the animals need freedom of movement; with elephants coming out as the most well-known contributors to crop damage.

KAVANGO WEST is a twin of KAVANGO EAST, both born out of the KAVANGO Region – formerly named the OKAVANGO before 1998.

The area falls under the KAVANGO-ZAMBEZI Transfrontier Conservation Area, KAZA, which is ONE of the largest conservation areas globally.

KAZA spanning the borders of ANGOLA, BOTSWANA, NAMIBIA, ZAMBIA, and ZIMBABWE, aims to sustain the protection of wildlife and contribute to the well-being of communities as well as their cultures.

However, producers from a number of villages in the KAVANGO WEST have reported cases of elephants destroying food barns in their homesteads in recent weeks.

Delegates have also been expecting the KAVANGO WEST consultations on the SECOND NAMIBIA National Land Conference to discuss the veterinary cordon fence, which restricts livestock movement, and the allocation of urban land./Sabanews/cam

NGO LOBBIES FOR WOMEN ENTRANCE INTO POLITICS

MALAWI: GENDER/MBC/19/7/18 SABANews 1

Female politicians call for enough backing in campaigns (Pic. MBC News)

NKHOTAKOTA – The GENDER GOVERNANCE JUSTICE AND DEVELOPMENT CENTRE in MALAWI says there is need to train women for competition in the political arena.

Programs Officer GRACE MAKUTI has addressed delegates in NKHOTAKOTA Town this week at a training for women aspiring to compete for positions in the 2019 General Elections.

She says her group wants to propel more female politicians to decision-making positions in Parliament as well as councils, and the training aims to teach them effective ways to compete.

MBC News quotes Ms MAKUTI as also saying the strategy of having more women candidates will allow the electorate to have a wider choice during voting.

However, she has dismissed statements from some commentators who say grooming more women aspirants will divide the vote for female candidates.

Ms MAKUTI says they are working with FIVE main political parties including the ruling DEMOCRATIC PROGRESSIVE PARTY, in order to fish out the best persons.

The other FOUR are opposition MALAWI CONGRESS PARTY; UNITED DEMOCRATIC FRONT; both former ruling groups, PEOPLES PARTY, and ALLIANCE FOR DEMOCRACY.

NKHOTAKOTA Boma Ward Councillor SPIDER NKHOMA says it is time communities understood women should get chances to take leading roles, and men should support them as well.

The Councillor, who says he is not standing this time around, to allow a female contestant space, says women should in turn learn to appreciate they can shine through their friends; because the pull-down syndrome will not take them anywhere.

MBC News also says ONE of the female aspirants for BUA Ward, CORTESHER MBEWE, has asked people of goodwill to support women with resources for conducting campaigns.

She says they are competing with men who have adequate funds to convince people, so women need backing to win people over.

The national broadcaster says 42 female politicians have shown interest to contest as councillors and MPs in NKHOTAKOTA Town during the 2019 elections.

The Central MALAWI district currently has only TWO female Members of Parliament, while all councillors are male./Sabanews/cam

GOVERNMENT DOWNPLAYS SERIOUS FUEL SHORTAGES

SWAZILAND: FUEL/TIMES OF SWAZILAND/19/7/18 SABANews 1

Mbabane City (pic. Agencies)

MANZINI – The government of SWAZILAND has pacified alarmistic reports of a serious shortage of fuel in almost all its administrative structures.

The TIMES OF SWAZILAND says Public Works and Transport Permanent Secretary MAKHOSINI MNDAWE has told the media it is common for petrol and diesel to be in short supply from time to time.

He says the government supplier delivers fuel at national depots in a rotational manner, and stations complaining of being dry may be crying for a commodity that is on its way.

Nevertheless, the TIMES says EMASWATI should get ready for an absence of public service delivery because the authorities seem to be facing their worst fiscal challenges.

It quotes unnamed sources well placed within the administration as alleging the government is fast running out of fuel due to debts it has not settled with certain dealers.

They claim the national fuel tanks at the Central Transport Administration are running dry, and the situation has forced some ministries to ground a number of vehicles.

If the situation continues, they say it is most certain all government cars will soon go aground, affecting essential services like the police, health, Fire and Emergency, and others.

The TIMES quotes the same insiders as saying the shortage of fuel has been due to national cash flow challenges affecting the country since the economic meltdown started years ago.

Essential service officials who have also withheld their names agree there is a crisis, which may cause difficulties in public services.

The TIMES quotes some of them as saying they at times have to drive from the Central Transport Administration in the capital, MBABANE, to MATSAPA Town.

However, the more than 32 kilometres journey does not guarantee joy, as MATSAPA Depot can declare empty tanks; and if not, chances are one may get far much less than a tank.

The sources claim government vehicles take turns to refuel, like the Royal ESWATINI Police Service – which refuels on FRIDAYS, while other departments need a memorandum to fill up.

The TIMES further quotes more unnamed sources within the force as admitting the shortages have reached near-crisis levels, because their station depots have also run dry.

They say fuel tanks within the police stations fill up only on specific days, meaning a car cannot just refuel at anywhere else except at its authorised place and on the designated days.

The government of SWAZILAND has not issued any further responses to the question of the alleged serious fuel shortages reportedly threatening a stoppage in public service provision./Sabanews/cam

KHOMAS LAUNCHES PRE-LAND CONFERENCE CONSULTATIONS

NAMIBIA: LAND/NBC/19/7/18 SABANews 1

Equitable distribution of land remains a pipe-dream (Pic. Agencies)

WINDHOEK – KHOMAS Region in Central NAMIBIA has kicked off public consultations ahead of the forthcoming SECOND National Land Conference within the next THREE months.

NBC News says the authorities have launched the TWO-day-long process this THURSDAY morning.

The exercise involves gathering ideas for inclusion onto the agenda of the Conference from different demographic groupings, communities, and political parties in KHOMAS.

Provincial Governor LAURA MCLEOD-KATJIRUA called on residents to take part openly and make contributions that will help make the expected vital land discussions a success.

She says land is a critical component in efforts to address past social injustices and improve the economic well-being of citizens, hence the need for proper management and distribution.

Governor MCLEOD-KATJIRUA says in order to speed up land reforms and redistribution, the country needs to find out what has worked and what has not, before coming up with resolutions.

She has therefore, appealed to people attending the consultation meeting to come up with concrete recommendations that will help shape the outcome of the SECOND National Land Conference in OCTOBER.

Land has remained a hot issue in NAMIBIA since liberation from apartheid rule in MARCH 1990, after the willing-buyer-willing-seller plan that was part of the independence deal failed to work over the years./Sabanews/cam

PARLIAMENTARY CIVIL CODE COMMITTEE HOLDS CRUCIAL MEETING

SEYCHELLES: RIGHTS/SNA/18/7/18 SABANews 1

The revision exercise began in 2013 and proceeded with a series of committee meetings (Pic. SNA)

VICTORIA – The SEYCHELLES National Assembly Civil Code Committee has launched discussions on a number of issues, including the sharing of property between unmarried couples.

The discussions also covered the ability to dispose freely of property on death; as well as other matters raised during the FIRST day of discussions for the revision of the national Civil Code.

The national news agency, SNA says the dialogue started this TUESDAY to scrutinise the SEYCHELLES Civil Code Bill of 2017, which will once approved, replace the Civil Code of SEYCHELLES Act 1975.

It quotes National Assembly Bills Committee Chairperson BERNARD GEORGE as saying the country has since 1976 been using the amended ENGLISH Civil Code.

He says things changed a few years ago when the Supreme Court proposed modernisation of certain areas of the Code due to ongoing changes in the country.

SNA also says the Civil Code provides the basic rules of law of SEYCHELLES for relationships between people.

It further says an international consultant who drafted the Bill has explained the purpose of the revision and the work that has been done for the past FIVE years.

TONY ANGELO, from the Faculty of Law of VICTORIA, University of WELLINGTON in NEW ZEALAND, says the Civil Code has articles that oppose some rights guaranteed under the Constitution.

He says there are provisions in the current Code that if challenged in Court will undoubtedly be found to be void on grounds of breach of fundamental rights.

National Assembly Bills Committee Chairperson BERNARD GEORGE says the Civil Code dates back to 1806 and was inherited while the archipelago was still a FRENCH colony.

He says the authorities then set up the Committee and used the theory of law established over the years to come up with new articles for the Code, a document of more than ONE-THOUSAND pages.

Pertinent and sensitive issues debated involve equalising the rights of children, sharing of property in an arrangement where a married couple and a lover of ONE of them live together while sharing sexual relations – en ménage relationship.

The revised Code also aims to cover the rights of co-owners and the ability to dispose freely of property on death, as well as provide for the civil rights of SEYCHELLOIS in modern form and appropriately reflect and protect current social institutions.

SNA says the revision exercise began in 2013 and proceeded with a series of committee meetings, all of which were open to public consultations.

Also attending the discussions are MAURITIAN legal representatives, SABIR KADEL, a senior law reform officer, and ROSARIO DOMINGUE, the Chief Executive of the MAURITIUS Law Reform Commission.

Like SEYCHELLES, the neighbouring MAURITIUS has also revised its Civil Code, which was similarly inherited from the FRENCH./Sabanews/cam

ELDERLY MAN KILLED, BURNED, AND DUMPED IN BUSH

SWAZILAND: MURDER/TIMES OF SWAZILAND/18/7/18 SABANews 1

King Mswati the Third (Pic. Agencies)

MANZINI – A 60-year-old man from the SALUKAZI area in the MANZINI District of SWAZILAND has been brutally killed by unknown assailants.

The TIMES OF SWAZILAND says a search and rescue party discovered the body of NICHOLUS SIMELANE in a thick bush after he had gone missing this SUNDAY.

It says his upper body was burnt beyond recognition, with witnesses at the scene saying they saw a tyre that they suspect to have been used to burn him.

The people also say the elderly man had left his home the same SUNDAY morning for a meeting at the Umphakatsi, an administrative subdivision smaller than an Inkhundla.

The TIMES says the late SIMELANE left the Umphakatsi premises after the meeting, just like all others; but he then visited a nearby drinking spot where he drank until late evening.

It says a source privy to the details of the matter alleges information gathered after his disappearance suggests some people followed him when he left the drinking hole.

The newspaper says the gang is alleged to have publicly threatened Mr SIMELANE after they suspected him of wrongdoing, which it says cannot be mentioned due to its sensitivity.

On the other hand, witnesses say the body of the elderly man appeared to have gaping wounds that appear to be a result of severe assault.

Earlier on when his family realised he did not return on SUNDAY evening they made efforts to at least, get hold of him through his mobile phone but it was off.

His children continued calling his number until a voice answered on MONDAY morning, pretending to be the late Mr SIMELANE – and saying he was stuck in a stream.

ONE of the witnesses says the area has many streams, and when the person was asked to be specific, he hung up.

Although the child who had called said the voice on the other end was not his father’s, they kept on trying the number until the phone was switched off at last.

The TIMES says the murder of the old man has baffled residents, who say the SWAZI Police had to work around the clock to locate the late SIMELANE./Sabanews/cam

FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION STILL RIFE DUE TO POLITICS

TANZANIA: FGM/DAILY NEWS/18/7/18 SABANews 1

Sharp objects like broken glass, razors, or scissors are used in FGM (Pic. Reuters)

DAR ES SALAAM – A campaigner against female genital mutilation in TANZANIA has accused politicians in the northern region of MARA Region of aiding the continued practice of Female Genital Mutilation, FGM.

ROBI SAMUEL from TARIME District says politicians seeking votes in the area have been entering into agreements with traditional leaders, promising to protect them as they practice FGM.

She says they use chiefs and herd men as their campaigners to attract voters, promising to protect the traditional leaders if they encounter problems during FGM practices.

Ms SAMUEL, who is the Director of SAFE HOUSE TANZANIA, has made the accusations during an event lined up by the CHAMPIONS ACTIVE TO END FGM in partnership with the UNITED NATIONS Population Fund.

The DAILY NEWS says the activity has also seen the screening of the internationally acclaimed film titled IN NAME OF YOUR DAUGHTER.

It says Ms SAMUEL has called on the State and the rest of the anti-FGM advocates to come up with a decree for politicians to lead the fight against the brutality against women and girls in the country.

She says most of the traditional leaders in MARA Region would love to stop FGM practices, but due to economic constraints, they allow the practice to continue and they earn money.

Ms SAMUEL says many traditional leaders had stopped the tradition completely but have gone back because they miss the rewards they used to earn from the people who took their daughters for genital mutilation.

She says there is need for support to the traditional leaders who abandon the practice, in order to enable them to engage in other income generating activities, and get rid of FGM.

Ministry of Health Family Unit Assistant Director GRACE MWANGWA says the State is committed to eliminate traditions and cultural beliefs that lead communities into engaging in FGM practices.

However, she says the main challenges are the traditional norms and beliefs among the people – which prompt them to engage girls and women into the violence.

Ms MWANGWA also says the government has a variety of initiatives lined up to ensure gender-based violence, including FGM, comes to an end by 2030.

She says ONE of the plans is the National Forum ahead of the International Girl Child in OCTOBER, when government officials and stakeholders discuss how to stop the FGM and other forms of violence against women and girls.

UNFPA Deputy Representative HASHINA BEGUM says there is need for the government and stakeholders to work together to challenge traditions and cultural beliefs that foment FGM practices.

The high-ranking UN official says the world body will continue to support the TANZANIAN authorities to activate the national FGM task force and to ensure laws and policies on FGM are implemented.

Researchers say female genital mutilation, also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia.

They say the practice is found in AFRICA, ASIA and the MIDDLE EAST, and within communities from countries in which FGM is common.

UNICEF says about 200-MILLION women living in 27 AFRICAN countries, as well as in INDONESIA, IRAQI KURDISTAN and YEMEN in 2016 went through the FGM procedures./Sabanews/cam

NATION CELEBRATES 100 YEARS SINCE BIRTH OF ICON

SOUTH AFRICA: MANDELA/SABC/18/7/18 SABANews 1

Mandela Centenary (Pic. Agencies)

EASTERN CAPE – President CYRIL RAMAPHOSA of SOUTH AFRICA has paid a glowing tribute to the late founding democratic President NELSON MANDELA.

He says MADIBA understood pure militancy was not enough to achieve liberation in SOUTH AFRICA, but good organisation and discipline was also required.

President RAMAPHOSA says the late former Head of State was a true revolutionary who would be highly aggrieved to see racism rearing its ugly head in the SADC country and the world over.

SABC News says he has addressed delegates to the 100TH Anniversary Commemoration of the late MANDELA’s birthday today (WEDNESDAY) at MVEZO, in the EASTERN CAPE.

It quotes President RAMAPHOSA as saying MADIBA, who would have turned 100 today, would be happy to see no AFRICAN child is denied tertiary education due to lack of fees.

Celebrations have been taking place around the country, with the main event at MVEZO where former presidents KGALEMA MOTLANTHE and JACOB ZUMA also sent messages of support.

SABC News also quotes President RAMAPHOSA as saying the late MANDELA further understood the need for introspection and reflection, while acknowledging his own failings.

He says SOUTH AFRICANS should speak against the degeneration of MADIBA’s values of non-racialism and selflessness; because had he lived to see today, the late icon would have been worried at the incidents of racism characterising the country.

President RAMAPHOSA has also strongly condemned people who often call the late former Head of State a sell-out, like in the past when some in the ANC and others including EFF Leader JULIUS MALEMA said MADIBA sold out in the revolution.

Meanwhile, former UNITED STATES President BARACK OBAMA has hosted a youth leadership project as Archbishop DESMOND TUTU led emotional tributes to the late anti-apartheid icon.

The world community celebrates the birthday of the late MANDELA on 18 JULY each year with charitable works, and the NELSON MANDELA Foundation has called for people to take action and inspire change in his name on the centenary year.

SABC News says Former President OBAMA has addressed the 200 young people attending the leadership course he has arranged in the commercial capital, JOHANNESBURG.

Mr OBAMA says the late MANDELA had been a key inspiration in his life; and while most people around the world think of MADIBA as a white-haired old man, they do not recall he started as a very young man trying to liberate his country.

SABC News says the former AMERICAN Leader on TUESDAY addressed a crowd of 15-THOUSAND at a cricket stadium, recalling the wave of hope that washed through hearts worldwide when MADIBA left prison in 1990.

Mr OBAMA says through his sacrifice and unwavering leadership and, perhaps most of all, through his moral example, the late MANDELA came to embody the universal aspirations of dispossessed people.

Retired Archbishop DESMOND TUTU, 86 this year, has also recalled fond memories of his fellow campaigner against white minority rule and fellow NOBEL Peace Prize winner.

He says the most extraordinary thing about MADIBA was his ordinariness, just a particularly fine example of humanity.

SABC News says Retired Archbishop TUTU has sent a video message saying the principles on which the late MANDELA led his life are universal principles of love, fairness, and respect of others – built on the understanding of the weaknesses that all people share.

It says he has recalled MADIBA’s willingness to apologise when wrong, and laughed as he remembered the TWO used to tease each other over MANDELA’s famous colourful shirts and TUTU’s purple clerical robes.

The national broadcaster says the current SOUTH AFRICAN President, a trainee of the late MANDELA who took office this year, has pledged to mark MANDELA 100 by donating HALF his salary to charity, and calls on others to do the same./Sabanews/cam